North American manufacturing rebounding from a challenging 2020, survey shows
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Twenty-five per cent of the plastics processors and moldmakers surveyed broke even or lost money in 2020.
Despite a very difficult 2020, North American plastics manufacturers and moldmakers are optimistic overall for 2021, a new survey has found.
Conducted by Michigan-based consulting firm Harbour Results Inc. (HRI), the “Q1 2021 Harbour IQ Manufacturing Pulse Study” found that 25% of small- to medium-sized manufacturers that responded say they would have broken even or lost money without government funds (Paycheck Protection Program (PPP) or Canada Emergency Wage Subsidy (CEWS)).
Additionally, the survey found that the overall industry is optimistic for 2021, with sentiment reaching 2019 levels of optimism; tool and die utilization rebounded to 80% in Q1 2021 from an all-time low of 63%; and production utilization grew from 39% in Q2 2020 to 60% in Q1 2021.
“The industry seems to be rebounding in 2021 after a difficult 2020 – sentiment is up, capital spending is planned and utilization has increased, all pointing to a healthier industry,” said Laurie Harbour, HRI president and CEO. “Although this is positive news for manufacturers, there is a great deal of room for improvement as efficiency is declining, overall revenue fell, and profitability was achieved through PPP and CEWS.”
According to study respondents, access to labour remains the top concern for manufacturers followed by raw material pricing and employee health. “Additionally, for the tooling industry backlog has stabilized, work on hold is down and payment terms and on-time payments of accounts receivables have returned to pre-COVID-19 levels,” Laurie Harbour said. “Most manufacturers across all processes are planning for capital investment of 3% or more from 2021-2023.”
The study focused on manufacturer’s financial performance, and last year profitability dropped an average of 6.8% in tooling and 4.2% for production. However, the survey found, because of PPP and CEWS funding, the industry did not appropriately adjust headcount to better manage workload and optimize profits. Furthermore, study responses indicate that while COVID-19 hit many industries hard, declining profitability has been trending since 2016.
“Thanks to the economic growth of the last decade, owners in this industry have used their proceeds to pay down debt and invest in the business,” Laurie Harbour said. “The average debt/equity for most of the respondents is 0.5 or less. There was a time in memorable history when the averages were over 1.”
Looking ahead, 2021 will continue to be challenging for the manufacturing industry, Laurie Harbour noted. “Numerous headwinds, including supply chain shortages; increased cost of business – corporate tax rate, minimum wage and raw material prices; uncertainty with tariffs; and talent shortages will create inconsistency for many shops,” she said. “Now is the time to gather market intelligence, focus on efficiency and improve your sales processes to create a niche that customers will pay for to create a sustainable and profitable business.”
The survey population was comprised of more than 300 facilities, including mold shops (23%), plastic processors (27%), stamping/metalformers (29%) and die builders (10%). Shops with revenue ranging from less than US$5 million to more than US$40 million were represented, with the largest percentage of shops (28%) coming from the US$10-$20 million range.