Canadian mid-market firms export significantly less than their global peers: report
Mid-market enterprises in Canada contribute $350 billion to the economy and directly employ almost 25 per cent of Canadians, the report from HSBC also says.
Canadian mid-market enterprises (MMEs) export a significantly smaller percentage than their global peers, a new global study by HSBC says.
According to the study, exports currently account for only 11 per cent of revenues at Canadian MMEs (29 per cent or $200 billion).
In partnership with U.K. advisory firm Oxford Economics, the HSBC study analyzed the views of 1,400 MME senior executives in 14 countries, including Canada. MMEs are considered to be those with sizable annual revenues, ranging from $50 million to $1 billion, which straddle the market between smaller companies and billion-dollar giants.
MMEs in Canada employ more than 2.5 million people, the study said, which is relatively high compared with other countries surveyed. “Canada’s 6,800 MMEs contribute $350 billion of market sector gross value added (GVA) which, together with supply chain and consumption effects, represents about 40 per cent of Canada’s GVA,” it said.
Their direct contribution to GVA grew by seven per cent between 2012 and 2014, slightly faster than the market economy as a whole.
“Mid-market enterprises are the unsung heroes of the global economy. Not large enough to influence government policy, but too big to benefit from incentives and support afforded to smaller companies,” said Linda Seymour, executive vice-president and country head of commercial banking at HSBC Bank Canada. “They force established, dominant players to raise their game through their more agile nature.”
Compared to their global peers, Canadian MMEs have the same level of confidence in both their local and global economies, and they find it easier to export (47 per cent v. global average of 36 per cent). They are also now finding it easier to export than they did just three years ago.
The study also reported that Canadian MMEs are less concerned with domestic economic uncertainty than global peers (48 per cent versus the global average of 55 per cent).
But they are also less concerned with expanding into new domestic markets (15 per cent versus the global average of 18 per cent).
Canadian MMEs have very strong trading links to the US, which received an estimated 70 per cent of Canadian MME exports, much of that from the mining sector. At the same time, one-quarter of MME supply chain purchases come from overseas with just under half of these purchases originating from the U.S.
“Canadian MMEs are resilient and flexible”, Seymour said. “However, they need to diversify into foreign markets if they want to continue to drive their productivity.”
The GVA contribution of the MME sector is primarily driven by mining, manufacturing, and business services, each of which contribute between one-quarter and one-fifth of MMEs’ direct contribution to Canadian GVA. While mining accounts for the largest share of MME GVA, labour productivity in the sector is extremely high and it makes a much smaller employment contribution than the other sectors. In employment terms, manufacturing is the largest MME sector, providing jobs for over 480,000 people. Business services and wholesale and retail are also significant sources of employment.